Art for the Friars in Early Renaissance Italy
Dr John Renner
Summer School – Online
Monday 21 – Friday 25 June 2021
This course examines the decisive impact on the art of central Italy, from the thirteenth to the fifteenth centuries, of the emergence of new religious orders: the mendicant friars. The enthusiastic response to the example and teaching of St Francis and St Dominic, the charismatic founders of the two largest orders, led ultimately to a transformation of the visual culture of cities such as Florence, Siena, Pisa and Assisi. The churches built for the friars and their growing urban congregations were adorned with fresco cycles, altarpieces and monuments of highly original form and style, employing innovative techniques of naturalism and narration to communicate meaning, to display identity, and to stimulate devotion. In works for the friars and their patrons, artists of the calibre of Cimabue, Giotto, Simone Martini, Masaccio, Fra Angelico and Piero della Francesca found new ways to represent figures, light and space, radically expanding the language of artistic expression. The course is devoted to discovering how so many magnificent works of art came to be created for friars and nuns committed to lives of simplicity and poverty.